Difference between revisions of "Bomb Disarming Robot (BDR)"

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** All the drawings of your design (initial through final)
 
** All the drawings of your design (initial through final)
 
** Video
 
** Video
** Final MS Project Schedule
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** Final Microsoft Project Schedule
 
** Final cost estimate
 
** Final cost estimate
** Resume(s) (No fictitious resumes will be accepted.)
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** Resume(s) (no fictitious resumes will be accepted)
  
== Early Submission ==
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{{SLDP: Early Acceptance}}
 
 
If you submit your project one week early, you are eligible for a bonus that will be added to your final semester-long project grade. You must submit all deliverables one week before the submission deadline (see syllabus for exact date). To submit early, all required information must be included, approved, and accepted. The deliverables received early are the ones you will use in your presentation. No adjustments to the deliverables submitted will be accepted.
 
  
 
{{SLDP: Late Delivery}}
 
{{SLDP: Late Delivery}}

Revision as of 17:46, 9 January 2020

RFP*: Bomb Disarming Robot (BDR)

* RFP is an acronym for Request For Proposal. Internationally, RFPs are called ITTs, an acronym for Invitation To Tender. Governmental agencies use RFPs to solicit new business.

This project reflects real life scenarios; the robot must be able to handle minor imperfections in the course.

Note: You should only use the materials contained in the price list for LEGO parts for robot projects. If you want to use other parts, get permission from your faculty member to do so, and also to determine the cost of the parts you want to use that are not in this price list.

Introduction and Overview

The United States Department of Homeland Security was established in 2002 by an executive order issued by President George W. Bush. The department is an amalgamation of 22 federal agencies all dedicated in various ways to the protection of the United States. The Department has three primary missions:

  1. To prevent terrorist attacks within the United States,
  2. To reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism, and
  3. To minimize the damage from potential attacks and natural disasters.

Among its many directives, the department considers it a top priority to reduce the threat imposed by explosive devices to both citizens and first responders. As recent events have made clear, the potential danger to innocents is real and is one to contend with. A strategic component of the department's 10-point plan to deal with explosives that threaten the citizenry is a fully autonomous robot designed to navigate to an explosive device and disarm it. Such a machine would not only reduce the threat to bystanders but would protect the brave men and women who have dedicated their lives to the safety of the country.

This bomb disarming robot, codenamed BDR, should be nimble and effective. Your design must be reliable and cost-effective, as the department envisions the deployment of a large number of BDRs throughout the country. The winning proposal must demonstrate the dependability of your design. Innovation in your approach to the problem will be rewarded.

Specifications

Design a robot using LEGO Digital Designer as your primary design tool. Your team must build a model of your design using the materials provided. A LEGO EV3 Mindstorms program that will direct the robot's movements must be created. A cost estimate of the robot's components must be provided. All revisions to the original design must be recorded and explained. This includes technical design drawings as well as cost estimates. All revisions to the Mindstorms program must be recorded and explained.

The BDR must be able to move autonomously over a pre-selected route, disarm a bomb, avoid any decoy bombs, and, for extra credit, disable and retrieve triangulation devices, returning them to the start point. The BDR must not touch the decoy bombs even after they disarm the bomb. The robot must fit in a start area that is 12 in × 12 in × 12 in high (see Figure 1). These specifications must be met for final Commissioning.

The robot's Mindstorms program may not be altered or switched during any part of the mission. Likewise, the robot must be fully autonomous, and therefore cannot be touched by any person during testing. Please refer to the course syllabus for all due dates.

Course Layout

You have two choices for the route your robot can take to disarm the bomb:

  • Route 1: The robot must follow the black line, traverse the black tunnel, disarm the bomb, and return to the start area.
  • Route 2: The robot must navigate the perimeter of the course, proceed to the bomb's location, disarm it, and return to the start area.
Figure 1: BDR course layout view 1.
Figure 2: BDR course layout view 2.
Figure 3: Your robot must avoid these decoy bombs.

Please Note: Projectile designs (catapult, slingshot, etc.) are not allowed; your robot must travel to the bomb in order to disarm it.

If you would like to design your own route, you may ask your instructor for permission. Creativity and innovation are always rewarded. Original designs will receive extra credit.

Microsoft Project

You must create a schedule to manage your time in Microsoft Project. You can learn Microsoft Project by doing the MS Project Skill Builder. This schedule must include all tasks related to the project from the start of the project to Submission. The Microsoft Project schedule should include the following:

  • Minimum of 20 tasks
  • Milestones should be clearly indicated on the project plan (duration of zero days)
  • Each task must include the person responsible for completing the task (resource names)
  • Use the "Copy Picture" function to include the project plan in the presentations. Do not take a screenshot
  • Gantt chart must be displayed alongside the tasks list (fit onto one slide)
  • Gantt chart must clearly show a progress line
  • Clearly state during the presentation whether the project is on-time, behind schedule, or ahead of schedule

For help in planning the project, review the manual page Planning Project Scheduling & Costs.

Drawings

All drawings and sketches should be made using LEGO Digital Designer (LDD). LDD can be installed for free from the LEGO website.

Using LDD, create four drawings of the robot: front, top, most detailed side, and a drawing of the gear train(s). Sensors, motors, and gears must be included in each drawing. If the robot does not use any gears, make sure to explicitly state that in your presentations.

Each revision of the design must be documented and all changes must be presented during Milestone presentations.

Figure 4: Sample isometric drawing from LEGO Digital Designer.

Model

You must build a scale model (1:1) of your design. The following materials will be provided:

  1. Mindstorms kit
  2. One EV3 brick
  3. Sensors
  4. Motors

The finished BDR must fit within the boundaries of a 12 in × 12 in × 12 in cube. Any additional components that your robot is equipped with must also fit within the boundaries of the same cube. Additional materials can be supplied by your TA.

Figure 5: Examples of past robots constructed from the provided materials.

Cost Estimate

Once a robot design is complete, a cost estimate must be generated that specifies the cost of all the materials and labor required for the construction of the design. Tabulate this cost information clearly in an Excel spreadsheet, using the materials cost list provided. Help in calculating the cost is available by reviewing how to plan the schedule and calculate costs for a project. The costs for the parts can be found on the price list for LEGO parts for robot projects.

Note: You should only use the materials contained in the price list for LEGO parts for robot projects. If you want to use other parts, get permission from your faculty member to do so, and also to determine the cost of the parts you want to use that are not in this price list.

The cost estimate should include the following:

  • Labor cost breakdown with hours and rates
  • Consolidate low-cost pieces: axles, beams, bricks, bushings, connectors, gears, plates
  • Itemize high-cost pieces: controllers (EV3 brick), sensors, motors
  • No decimal places; this is an estimate after all. Round appropriately
  • Total cost must be shown in the bottom right corner

Notebook/Project Journal

While working on your project, you are expected to keep a record of all work done, as well as future plans and goals. In order to complete a Benchmark assessment, you must submit your notebook in .pdf format to the EG1003 website, as well as show your notebook to the Open Lab TA completing your assessment. A guide to writing the notebook, as well as a basic overview of its expectations, can be found here.

Extra Credit

For extra credit, your BDR can disable the triangulation system by disabling at least two devices (knocking the ping pong balls off of their tubes). The devices are located on the roof of the complex. One of these triangulation devices may be retrieved and returned to the start area for additional extra credit. The placement of the devices is shown below in Figure 6:

Figure 6: Triangulation devices.

You can also receive extra credit for completing Benchmark A, Benchmark B, or Submission early, or completing your respective SLDP's 3D printing extra credit task as described in the 3D Printing Guide. Refer to the EG1003 Grading Policy for exact point values.

Milestones, Benchmarks, and Deliverables

As you work on your project, you will be required to present periodic reports on your progress. We call these Milestones. All the items assigned in each Milestone are called deliverables. These deliverables often consist of a combination of written submissions, presentations, and demonstrations.

Design & Feasibility Report

The Design and Feasibility Report (DFR) is extremely important, as it lays the groundwork for your project. You will be outlining your project idea, inspiration, and goals.

The DFR must include:

  • Cover Page
  • Project Overview
  • Goals & Objectives
  • Design & Approach
  • Cost Estimate
  • Project Schedule
  • Relevant Pictures

An example DFR template can be found here. The DFR is due by Benchmark A. Do not forget to include the items listed above. Use this link to access the HIR DFR Rubric.

Milestone 1

See How To Give a Milestone Presentation for the format of a Milestone presentation.

Milestone 1 Deliverables:

  • Presentation:
    • Project description
    • Design approach
    • Mission statement
    • Preliminary CAD drawing of robot
    • Cost estimate
    • Microsoft Project schedule
    • Progress update: current state of the project

Look Ahead: What tasks are planned between now and Milestone 2?

Benchmark Assessment A

Benchmark assessments evaluate the progress of your project. Benchmark Assessment A is due at the end of Model Shop Session II. There are penalties for not completing this on time. Refer to the EG1003 Grading Policy for more information.

To pass Benchmark A, your design must complete all of the following:

  • Robot traverses two hills
  • Submission of mandatory 3D print: This includes the submission of either a logo design or extra credit print in the 3D Printing Submission portal on the EG1003 website

Milestone 2

See How To Give a Milestone Presentation for the format of a Milestone presentation.

Milestone 2 Deliverables:

  • Presentation:
    • Project description
    • Design approach
    • Design changes since Milestone 1
    • Mission statement
    • CAD drawings: top, front, most detailed side, isometric, gear train
    • Mindstorms program
    • Updated cost estimate (previous and current). What changes were made?
    • Updated Microsoft Project schedule (previous and current). What changes were made?
    • Progress update: current state of the project (time, budget, etc.)

Look Ahead: What tasks are planned between now and Milestone 3?

Benchmark Assessment B

Benchmark Assessment B is due at the end of Model Shop Session III. There are penalties for not completing this on time. Refer to the EG1003 Grading Policy for more information.

To pass, complete all of the following tasks:

  • Robot disarms bomb (presses doorbell)
  • Approval of mandatory 3D print: This includes receiving approval of either a logo design or extra credit print by a Protolab TA in the EG1003 Protolab, and showing your Proof of Approval form to a TA

Milestone 3

See How To Give a Milestone Presentation for the format of a Milestone presentation.

Milestone 3 Deliverables:

  • Presentation:
    • Project description
    • Design approach
    • Design changes since Milestone 2
    • Mission statement
    • CAD drawings: top, front, most detailed side, isometric, gear train
    • Mindstorms program
    • Updated cost estimate (previous and current). What changes were made?
    • Updated Microsoft Project schedule (previous and current). What changes were made?
    • Progress update: current state of the project (time, budget, etc.)

Look ahead: What tasks are planned between now and the completion of the project?

Commissioning

Refer to the syllabus for the Commissioning deadline. There are penalties for not completing this on time. Refer to the EG1003 Grading Policy for more information.

To pass, the design must complete all of the following:

  • Robot returns to base after disarming the bomb
  • Printed mandatory 3D print

Final Presentation

The Final Presentation will be a technical briefing, similar to the Milestones, but also serves as a sales presentation explaining why your company should be selected instead of the competition. Please include the following:

  • Problem statement
  • Solution overview
  • Company description and qualifications
  • Drawings
  • Mindstorms program
  • Cost estimate
  • Microsoft Project schedule
  • Video demonstration
  • Why should the company be awarded this contract?

Submission

All SLDPs must submit online. Please visit https://eg.poly.edu/finalSLDP.php for the link to the Project Submission form and each SLDP group's individualized login information. To submit, you must login to the EG1003 website using this special login information. Submitting with your NYU account or any other account will generate an error. You may resubmit at any time before the deadline. Please note that submission times are based on the most recent submission.

Please note the deliverables for this project are as follows. If any of the following items are omitted, you will be penalized. Be sure to click submit at the bottom of the form. The following list includes deliverable items that are expected from your group:

  • Submission deliverables:
    • Final presentation
    • Final Mindstorms program
    • Initial sketch
    • All the drawings of your design (initial through final)
    • Video
    • Final Microsoft Project Schedule
    • Final cost estimate
    • Resume(s) (no fictitious resumes will be accepted)

Early Submission

If you submit your project one academic week early, you are eligible for a bonus that will be added to your final semester-long project grade. You must submit all deliverables one academic week before the submission deadline (see syllabus for exact date). The deliverables received early are the ones you will use in your presentation. No adjustments to the submitted deliverables will be accepted.

Late Submission

Late Submission is not allowed. If you do not Commission or Partial Commission by the deadline set forth in the syllabus, you will not be allowed to submit and will receive a zero for the project grade. In order to receive Partial Commissioning, two TAs must analyze the project and determine its level of completeness in terms of Commissioning requirements. Please refer to the EG1003 Grading Policy for more information.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can our robot climb up walls?

A: Yes, robots are allowed to climb up walls on this course.

Q: If we go to the bomb using the hill route and then return to the start tile using the tunnel route (or vice versa), will we receive extra credit for completing both routes?

A: Yes.

Q: Can we build some arm extension for our robot to disarm the bomb so that it does not have to reach the actual bomb tile?

A: No, arms are not allowed. On this course, your robot must actually get itself to the bomb tile and press the disarm button to receive credit.