Security Infiltration Drone (SID)

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RFP*: Security Infiltration Drone (SID)

* RFP is an acronym for Request For Proposal. Internationally, RFPs are called ITTs, an acronym for Invitation To Tender governmental agencies use RFPs to solicit new business.

This project reflects real life scenarios; the robot must be able to handle minor imperfections in the course.

Note: You should only use the materials contained in the Price list for Lego parts for robot projects. If you want to use other parts, get permission from your faculty member to do so, and also to determine the cost of the parts you want to use that are not in this price list.

Introduction and Overview

In 2009, [confidential] infiltrated the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) headquarters and nearly crippled communications throughout the United States. In response, the CIA is issuing an RFP for the design and construction of a robot to infiltrate their headquarters, retrieve a vital piece of data, and exit the facility within the allotted time.

Specifications

Design a robot using Lego Digital Designer as your primary design tool. Your team must build a model of your design using the materials provided. A Mindstorms program that will direct the robot's movements must be created. A cost estimate of the robot's components must be provided. All revisions to the original design must be recorded and explained. This includes technical design drawings, as well as cost estimates. All revisions to the Mindstorms program must be recorded and explained.

The SID must be able to move autonomously over a pre-selected route, tap RFID reader tags to open the gates, retrieve the data canister, deliver the data canister to the extraction point, and proceed to the exit. The robot must fit in a start area that is 25cm by 25cm. These specifications must be met for final commissioning.

The robot must be fully autonomous, and therefore cannot be touched by any person during testing. Please refer to the course syllabus for all due dates.

Main Tasks

  • Solve the gate puzzle
  • Reach the exit of the course

Extra Credit

  • Retrieve data canisters (with a robotic arm) and bring them to extraction point

Note: Any student who attempts to alter the course in any way, shape, or fashion (this includes lifting a tile to inspect its design) must meet with the Course Director to explain your attempt at academic dishonesty.

Figure 1: SID Course
Note: The picture above contains one representation of this project description.
Actual course may be different from the one pictured above, but similar in objective.

Course Description

The course has five RFID reader tags (A, B, C, D, and E) and four gates (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5). Each tag is activated by the robot tapping its RFID sticker onto the reader.

Repeatedly tapping the same RFID reader tag is NOT allowed. For example, nowhere in any puzzle solution is it necessary to tap RFID reader tag A more than once consecutively.

Figure 2: Start Tile

Figure 3: RFID Reader

Figure 4: Closed Gates

Once the RFID reader tag(s) corresponding to the gate is tagged, the gate will open. Note: Any designs that attempt to bypass in any other way (climbing over or under the gate) will not receive any credit.

When a RFID reader tag is tapped, it toggles the corresponding gate(s). i.e., if the gate(s) are open, they'll close and if they're closed, they'll open. The gates that correspond to each RFID reader tag are shown below:

  • Gate 1: RFID reader tag A
  • Gate 2: RFID reader tag A AND B
  • Gate 3: RFID reader tag A AND C
  • Gate 4: RFID reader tag D OR E
  • Gate 5: RFID reader tag D AND E

For example, if Gate 1 is closed at RFID reader tag A is tapped, then Gate 1 will open. If Gate 2 is closed and RFID reader tag B is tapped but A has not been tapped, then Gate 2 will remain closed.

At the beginning of each trial, all gates begin closed.

Figure 5: Data Canister Capsule

Figure 6: Extraction Point

Figure 7: Exit Point

Microsoft Project

A time management plan using Microsoft Project (MS Project) must be created. You can learn Microsoft Project by doing the MS Project Skill Builder. This plan must include all tasks related to the project. The MS Project schedule should include the following:

  • Minimum of 20 tasks.
  • Milestones should be clearly indicated on the project plan (duration of zero days).
  • Each task must include the person responsible for completing the task (resource names).
  • Use the Copy Picture function to include the project plan in the presentations. DO NOT take a screenshot.
  • Gantt chart must be displayed alongside the tasks list (fit onto one slide).
  • Gantt chart must clearly show a progress line.
  • Clearly state during the presentation whether the project is on time, behind schedule or ahead of schedule

For help in planning the project, review the page called How to plan the schedule and calculate costs for a project.

Drawings

All drawings and sketches should be made using Lego Digital Designer.

Create four drawings of the robot: front, top, most detailed side, and a drawing of the gear trains. Sensors, motors, and gears must be included in each drawing. If the robot does not use any gears, make sure to explicitly state that during the presentations.

Each revision of the design must be documented and all changes must be presented during Milestone presentations.

Figure 8: Sample isometric image from Lego Digital Designer (without part numbers)

Model

The following materials will be provided:

  1. Mindstorms EV3 part kit
  2. One EV3
  3. Sensors
  4. Motors
  5. RFID reader tag

The finished SID must not exceed a footprint of 25cm × 25cm. There is no height limitation.

Additional materials can be supplied by your TA.

Cost Estimate

Once a robot design is complete, a cost estimate must be generated that specifies the cost of all the materials and labor required for the construction of the design. Tabulate this cost information clearly in an Excel spreadsheet, using the materials cost list provided. Help in calculating the cost is available by reviewing How to plan the schedule and calculate costs for a project. The costs for the parts can be found on the Price list for Lego parts for robot projects.

Note: You should only use the materials contained in the Price list for Lego parts for robot projects. If you want to use other parts, get permission from your faculty member to do so, and also to determine the cost of the parts you want to use that are not in this price list.

Create a cost estimate on a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. The cost estimate should include the following:

  • Labor cost breakdown with hours and rates
  • Consolidate low-cost pieces: axles, beams, bricks, bushings, connectors, gears, plates
  • Itemize high-cost pieces: controllers (NXT/EV3), sensors
  • No decimal places; this is an estimate after all. Round appropriately
  • Total cost must be shown in the bottom right corner

Milestones and Benchmarks

As you work on your project, you will be required to present periodic reports on your progress. We call these Milestones. All the items assigned in each Milestone are called deliverables. These deliverables often consist of a combination of written submissions, presentations, and demonstrations.

Milestone 1

Prepare a preliminary sketch of the design, a cost estimate, and an MS Project plan.

Look Ahead: What tasks are planned between now and Milestone 2?

See How To Give a Milestone Presentation for the format of a Milestone presentation.

Milestone 1 Deliverables:

  • Presentation:
    • Project description
    • Design approach
    • Mission statement
    • Preliminary CAD drawing of robot
    • Cost estimate
    • MS Project schedule
    • Progress update: current state of the project

Benchmark Assessment A

Benchmark assessments evaluate the progress of the project. Benchmark Assessment A is due at the end of Model Shop Session 1. There are penalties for not completing on time. Refer to the EG1003 Grading Policy for more information.

To pass, the design must complete all of the following:

  • Show puzzle solution and tag the first RFID Reader Tag in sequence

Milestone 2

Using Lego Digital Designer, prepare four views of the latest design: front, top, most detailed side, and an isometric drawing. Also, create a drawing of the gear trains. Complete the latest Mindstorms program and the latest MS Project plan reflecting any schedule changes. Finally, calculate a revised cost estimate.

Look Ahead: What tasks are planned between now and Milestone 3?

See How To Give a Milestone Presentation for the format of a Milestone presentation.

Milestone 2 Deliverables:

  • Presentation:
    • Project description
    • Design approach
    • Design changes since Milestone 1
    • Mission statement
    • CAD drawings: top, front, most detailed side, isometric, gear train
    • Mindstorms program
    • Cost estimate (previous and current). What changes were made?
    • MS Project schedule (previous and current). What changes were made?
    • Progress update: current state of the project (time, budget, etc.)

Benchmark Assessment B

Benchmark Assessment B is due at the end of Model Shop Session 2. There are penalties for not completing on time. Refer to the EG1003 Grading Policy for more information.

To pass, the design must complete all of the following:

  • Tap three RFID reader tags in solution.

Milestone 3

Using Lego Digital Designer, prepare four views of the latest design: front, top, most detailed side, and an isometric drawing. Also, provide a drawing of the gear trains. Complete the latest Mindstorms program and the latest MS Project plan reflecting any schedule changes. Finally, calculate a revised cost estimate.

Look ahead: What tasks are planned between now and the completion of the project?

See How To Give a Milestone Presentation for the format of a Milestone presentation.

Milestone 3 Deliverables:

  • Presentation:
    • Project description
    • Design approach
    • Design changes since Milestone 2
    • Mission statement
    • CAD drawings: top, front, most detailed side, isometric, gear train
    • Mindstorms program
    • Cost estimate (previous and current). What changes were made?
    • MS Project schedule (previous and current). What changes were made?
    • Progress update: current state of the project (time, budget, etc.)

Commissioning

Refer to the syllabus for the commissioning deadline. There are penalties for not completing on time. Refer to the EG1003 Grading Policy for more information.

To pass, the design must complete all of the following:

  • Reach the exit point (black tile).

Final Presentation

The final presentation will be a technical briefing, similar to the milestones, but also serves as a sales presentation explaining why your company should be selected instead of the competition. Please include the following:

  • Problem statement
  • Solution overview
  • Company description and qualifications
  • Drawings
  • Mindstorms program
  • Cost estimate
  • Microsoft Project schedule
  • Video demonstration
  • Why should the company be awarded this contract?

Submission

Beginning Fall 2016, students must submit online. Please visit https://eg.poly.edu/finalSLDP.php for login information and the link to the Project Submission form.

Students must be logged into the account provided at https://eg.poly.edu/finalSLDP.php. Submitting with your NYU account or any other account will generate an error.

Submissions may be edited at any time before the deadline. Please note that submission times are based on the last submission. Submissions that qualify for Early Submission will lose the Early Submission Extra Credit if the submission is edited after the Early Submission deadline.

Please note the deliverables for this project are as follows. If any of the following items are omitted, you will be penalized. Be sure to click SUBMIT at the bottom of the form.

  • Project deliverables:
    • Final presentation
    • Cover page and table of contents
    • Final Mindstorms program
    • Initial sketch
    • All the drawings of your design (initial through final)
    • Video
    • Final MS Project Schedule
    • Final cost estimate
    • Resume(s) (No fictitious resumes will be accepted.)

Early Acceptance

If you submit your project one week early, you are eligible for a bonus that will be added to your final semester-long project grade. You must submit all deliverables one week before the submission deadline (see syllabus for exact date). To submit early, all required information on the form titled Project Submission Form, found on the EG web site, must be approved, accepted, and signed by a TA. The deliverables received early are the ones you will use in your presentation. No adjustments to the deliverables submitted will be accepted.

Late Submission

Late submission is not allowed. If you do not commission or partial commission by the deadline set forth in the syllabus, you will not be allowed to submit and will receive a 0 for the project grade. In order to receive partial commissioning, two TAs must analyze the project and determine its level of completeness in terms of commissioning requirements. Please refer to the EG1003 Grading Policy for more information.

Frequently Asked Questions

Benchmark B says that we need to perform the first three taps in our solution so can we just say that our solution has three consecutive RFID reader tag A taps and have that count?

No. There is no need at any point in this puzzle to consecutively tap the same RFID reader more than once. You are not allowed to just say that you came up with a solution that has 3 scans of RFID A or B in a row to start off with.