Introduction to Revit
This exercise will introduce Autodesk Revit, which is a Building Information Modeling (BIM) software used by architects and structural engineers. The goal of this exercise is to design a 350-400 ft2 furnished apartment using Autodesk Revit.
A design firm has contracted with New York City’s Department of Housing Preservation and Development to solve a pressing problem in the Big Apple. There are only about one million studio and one-bedroom apartments available for 1.8 million one and two-person households in New York City. To meet this high demand, new apartments have to be created for New York residents and college students. This apartment should be furnished. It must have adequate lighting (at least one window) and space. Design an apartment layout with the following specifications:
- A 350-400 ft2 floor plan layout of the entire apartment
- A bathroom with furnishings
- A kitchen with furnishings
- A bedroom with a bed, a table, and a desk
- An electrical plan for the apartment
- Extra credit: create a realistic rendering and 3D walkthrough of the apartment
- Maximize the living space in this apartment
- Be creative and create a coherent space
- Make the apartment comfortable
- Sketch a solution to the design considerations and indicate the square footage. Have the sketch approved by a TA.
- Open Revit. Do NOT use Revit 2021. Select New, then select Architectural Template (Figure 1).
- There are four major sections used to create and modify a design in Revit. The Quick Access Toolbar is highlighted in red, the Project Ribbon is highlighted in yellow, the Properties panel is highlighted in green, and the Project Browser panel is highlighted in blue (Figure 2). If any of the sections are accidentally removed from view, they can be reinserted by going to View → User Interface (rightmost icon) in the ribbon.
- In the ribbon, go to the Manage tab and select Project Units (or type UN) under the Settings section (Figure 3). Click the Length value and select Feet and fractional inches with rounding to the nearest 1/32 in. Click OK.
- Ensure the Properties panel is open by right-clicking anywhere and clicking on Properties.
- Select the Level 1 floor plan in the Project Browser on the left side of the window by double-clicking on Level 1 under Floor Plans.
- Create the exterior walls by going to the Architecture tab in the ribbon and selecting Wall (Figure 4).
- Make sure the walls are 8 in thick and 10 ft high. The thickness and height of the walls can be changed in the Properties panel (Figure 5).
- The Base Constraint changes where the bottom of the wall is placed in reference to the different levels.
- The Base Offset adjusts the height difference between the level and the base of the wall.
- The Top Constraint determines where the top of the wall is located. If the top constraint is unconnected, then the Unconnected Height can be used to determine a numerical value for the height of the wall.
- Insert the interior walls (6 in thick and 10 ft high) for the bathroom and any other walls. The thickness of the wall can be changed in the drop-down menu in the Properties panel (Figure 6).
- Insert the floor by using the Floor tool in the Architecture tab of the ribbon and selecting the boundary where the floor will be placed. The boundary can be made by selecting the walls or by creating individual lines using Modify | Create Floor Boundary → Draw on the Project ribbon (Figure 7). To complete the floor, click on the green check mark in the ribbon.
- Insert doors and windows in the apartment. Go to Insert → Load Family → Doors/Windows for a wide range of doors and windows (Figure 8). Doors should be 3 ft wide and 7 ft tall (No specifications for windows).
- Go back to the Architecture tab of the ribbon and select Door/Window (Figure 9) and select the loaded door/window from the Properties panel. They can then be placed by clicking in the floor plan.
- Once placed, the direction of the doors and windows can be changed with the arrow couples (Figure 10).
- When loading furniture or appliances, go to the Architecture tab of the ribbon and select Component → Place a Component (or type CM).
- Furniture and appliances can be added with the Load Family tool. Only the furniture and appliances from the specifications must be in the floor plan. Table 1 shows the File Paths for all the files needed in this lab. In the dialog that appears, the material in the Override column should be changed.
Table 1: File Paths for all Furniture and Appliances Tab Components File Paths Sink US Imperial → Plumbing → MEP → Fixtures → Sinks Toilet US Imperial → Plumbing → MEP → Fixtures → Water Closets Shower US Imperial → Plumbing → MEP → Fixtures → Shower Bed US Imperial → Furniture → Beds Kitchenette US Imperial → Special Equipment → Domestic Table US Imperial → Furniture → Tables Desk US Imperial → Furniture → Tables Door US Imperial → Door → Residential
- Add furniture to the floor plan. The components can be rotated before being placed by pressing the space bar.
- Once the families are loaded, they can be placed by going to "Component" → "Place a Component" in the "Architecture" tab of the ribbon and by switching in the "Properties" tab (Figure 11).
- To insert a ceiling or ceiling appliance, the ceiling plan in the "Project Browser" must be selected. Go to Level 1 in the "Ceiling Plans" (Figure 12).
- Use the "Ceiling tool" in the "Architecture" tab of the ribbon to create the ceiling (Figure 13).
- The ceiling is created with the same method as the floor, by selecting a boundary where the ceiling will be placed. The individual walls can be selected to create the boundary by creating a "Sketch Ceiling", or entire areas can be selected for the boundary using the "Automatic Ceiling" (Figure 14). Don’t forget to complete the ceiling by clicking the green check mark in the ribbon.
- Navigate back to the Level 1 floor plan in the "Project Browser". Insert the electrical appliances in the apartment using "Architecture" → "Component" on the ribbon and using the file paths provided in Table 2.
Table 2: File Paths for Architecture Tab Components File Paths Light Switch US Imperial → Electrical → MEP → Electric Power → Terminals → Lighting Switches Ceiling Light US Imperial → Lighting → MEP → Internal
- For ceiling lights, go back to the Level 1 "Ceiling Plan" in the "Project Browser". Select the lights that are to be placed with the "Component tool in the "Architecture" tab of the ribbon. Once the lighting fixture is selected, select "Modify | Place Component" → "Placement" → "Place on Face" tab of the ribbon to freely place the lights on the ceiling (Figure 15).
- In the "Quick Access Toolbar", select "Default 3D View" (small house icon) to view the project in 3D (Figure 16).
- Save the file as an "Autodesk Revit File (RVT)" file. Take screenshots of the project and submit the RVT file on the EG1003 website by 11:59 PM the night before the next lab.
The RVT file must be submitted to the EG1003 website by 11:59 PM the night before your next lab. There is NO individual lab report or team presentation for this part of Lab 1.