Introduction to Revit

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This exercise will introduce Autodesk Fusion 360, which is a drafting software that is used by technical professionals, and basic technical design methods will be shown using this computer-aided design (CAD) software. This software will be used in the semester-long design project (SLDP) by constructing physical prototypes with 3D printing. To practice this prototyping procedure, an NYU logo keychain will be created in Autodesk Fusion 360 and prepared in Cura to be 3D printed.


Computer-Aided Design

CAD programs, which include Autodesk's Fusion 360, AutoCAD, and Revit; Dassault Systèmes SolidWorks; and Google SketchUp, allow engineers to make dimensioned, scaled drawings. These drawings are used to manufacture equipment, build infrastructure, and allow designers to display their designs with complete specifications and detail. Orthographic views (top, bottom, side, front, back) can be used to document the technical specifications in drawings needed for production while axonometric views (isometric, dimetric, trimetric) can be used to view the final 3D representation of a product.

This exercise will teach the basics of Autodesk Fusion 360, 3D file formats, the basics of 3D printing, and the skills needed to create simple 3D files and prepare them to be 3D printed.

Table 1: Common Fusion 360 Shortcut
Command Windows Key Combination Mac Key Combination
Hold Middle Mouse Button
Hold Middle Mouse Button
Roll Middle Mouse Button
Roll Middle Mouse Button
Hold Shift + Middle Mouse Button
Hold Shift + Middle Button
Ctrl + Z
Command + Z
Ctrl + Y
Command + Z + Shift
Ctrl + C
Command + C
Ctrl + V
Command + V
Ctrl + X
Command + X

3D Printing

3D printing allows rapid prototyping and onsite manufacturing of products. Initially done with plastic, 3D printing now uses new techniques with new materials, such as aluminum, bronze, and glass. Biomaterials are also being used, such as 3D printing ear cartilage and liver tissue. As the 3D printing industry grows, 3D printing has become a significant part of many engineering fields.

In this course, 3D printing can be used to produce prototype components, building models, SLDP course modifications, robot parts, and a company logo.


6. Revit


It is the year 2020 and your design firm has been contracted by New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio to solve a problem for many families. There are 1.8 million one and two-person households in the city, but there are only about one million studio and one-bedroom apartments. The task is to a create a 350-400 square foot apartment for residents/college students. This apartment should be furnished. It should have a bathroom with the appropriate furnishings, a kitchen with the appropriate furnishings, and a bedroom with a bed, a table, and a desk. It must have adequate lighting (at least one window) and space. Design an apartment layout with the following specifications.

  • A 350-400 square foot floor plan layout of the entire apartment
  • An electrical plan for the entire apartment
  • Upon completion of the apartment design, groups have the choice to create a realistic rendering and 3D walkthrough of the apartment to receive extra credit
    • To receive the extra credit, both the rendering and the walkthrough must be included in the Team PowerPoint Presentation

Design Consideration

  • How well was space maximized in this very small apartment?
  • Was the necessary storage added?
  • Is the layout coherent and creative?
  • Could a person comfortably live here?


  1. Sketch a solution to the prompt and indicate the square footage. Have the sketch approved by a TA.
  2. Open Revit. Do NOT use Revit 2021 Select New > Architectural Template (Figure 25).
    Lab 4 Figure 23 Part 1.PNG
    Figure 25: Opening Page of Revit 2019 (Top) and Revit 2020 (Bottom)
  3. There are four major sections used to create and modify the building in Revit. The Quick Access Toolbar is in red, the project ribbon in yellow, the Properties panel in green, and the Project Browser panel in blue (Figure 26). If any of the sections are accidentally removed from view, they can be reinserted by going to View > User Interface (rightmost icon) in the ribbon.
    File:Lab 4 Figure 24.PNG
    Figure 26: Revit Interface
  4. In the ribbon, go to the Manage tab and select Project Units (or type UN) under the Settings section (Figure 27). Click the Length value and select "Feet and fractional inches” with rounding to the nearest 1/32”. Click OK.
    Figure 27: Project Units
  5. Ensure the Properties panel is open by right clicking anywhere and clicking on Properties.
  6. Ensure the Level 1 floor plan is selected in the Project Browser on the left side of the window by double clicking on Level 1 under Floor Plans.
  7. Create the exterior walls by going to the Architecture tab in the ribbon and selecting Wall (Figure 28).
    Figure 28: Wall Tool
  8. Make sure the walls are 8” thick and 10’ high. The thickness and height of the walls can be changed in the Properties panel (Figure 29).
    File:Lab 4 Figure 27.PNG
    Figure 29: Wall Properties
    1. The Base Constraint changes where the bottom of the wall is placed in reference to the different levels.
    2. The Base Offset adjusts the height difference between the level and the base of the wall.
    3. The Top Constraint determines where the top of the wall is located. If the top constraint is selected to be Unconnected, then the Unconnected Height can be used to determine a numerical value for the height of the wall.
  9. Insert the interior walls (6” thick and 10’ high) for the bathroom and any other walls if desired. The type of wall (thickness) can be changed in the drop-down menu in the Properties panel (Figure 30).
    File:Lab 4 Figure 28.PNG
    Figure 30: Changing Wall Types
  10. Insert the floor by using the Floor tool in the Architecture tab of the ribbon and selecting the boundary where the floor will be placed. The boundary can be made by selecting the walls or by creating individual lines from the Draw section of the Modify | Create Floor Boundary tab in the ribbon (Figure 31). To complete the floor, click on the green check mark in the ribbon.
    File:Lab 4 Figure 29.PNG
    Figure 31: Create Floor Boundary
  11. Insert doors and windows in the apartment.
    1. Go to Insert > Load Family > Doors/Windows for a wide range of doors and windows (Figure 32). Doors should be 3’ wide and 7’ tall (No specifications for windows).
      File:Lab 4 Figure 30.PNG
      Figure 32: Load Family Tool
    2. Go back to the Architecture tab of the ribbon and select Door/Window (Figure 33) and select the loaded door/window from the Properties panel. They can then be placed by clicking in the floor plan.
      File:Lab 4 Figure 31.PNG
      Figure 33: Door and Window Tools
    3. Once placed, the direction of the doors and windows can be changed with the arrow couples (Figure 34).
      Figure 34: Door Direction Change
  12. When loading furniture or appliances, go to the Architecture tab of the ribbon and select Component > Place a Component (or type CM).
  13. Furniture and appliances can be added with the Load Family tool like doors and windows. Only the furniture and appliances from the specifications must be in the floor plan including the entire bathroom. Table 2 shows the folder paths for all the files needed in this lab. In the dialog that appears, the material in the Override column should be changed.
Table 2: File Paths for Required Components
Component File Path
US Imperial > Plumbing > MEP > Fixtures > Sinks
US Imperial > Plumbing > MEP > Fixtures > Water Closets
US Imperial > Plumbing > MEP > Fixtures > Shower
US Imperial > Furniture > Beds
US Imperial > Special Equipment > Domestic
US Imperial > Furniture > Tables
US Imperial > Furniture > Tables
US Imperial > Door > Residential
    1. Add furniture to the floor plan. The components can be rotated before being placed by pressing the space bar.
    2. Once the families are loaded, they can be placed by going to Component > Place a Component in the Architecture tab of the ribbon and by switching in the Properties tab (Figure 35).
      File:Lab 4 Figure 33.PNG
      Figure 35: Changing Component Families
  1. To insert a ceiling or ceiling appliances, the ceiling plan in the Project Browser must be selected. Go to Level 1 in the Ceiling Plans (Figure 36).
    File:Lab 4 Figure 34.PNG
    Figure 36: Ceiling Plans
  2. Use the Ceiling tool in the Architecture tab of the ribbon to create the ceiling (Figure 37).
    File:Lab 4 Figure 35.PNG
    Figure 37: Ceiling Tool
  3. The ceiling is created with the same method as the floor, by selecting a boundary where the ceiling will be placed. The individual walls can be selected to create the boundary by creating a Sketch Ceiling, or entire areas can be selected for the boundary using the Automatic Ceiling (Figure 38). Don’t forget to complete the ceiling by clicking the green check mark in the ribbon.
    File:Lab 4 Figure 36.PNG
    Figure 38: Sketch Ceiling and Automatic Ceiling Tools
  4. Navigate back to the Level 1 floor plan in the Project Browser. Insert the electrical appliances in the apartment with the Component tool in the Architecture tab of the ribbon and using the file paths provided in Table 3.
Table 3: File Paths for Required Electrical Components
Component File Path
Light Switch
US Imperial > Electrical > MEP > Electric Power > Terminals > Lighting Switches
Ceiling Light
US Imperial > Lighting > MEP > Internal
  1. For ceiling lights, go back to the Level 1 ceiling plan in the Project Browser. Select the lights that are to be placed with the Component tool in the Architecture tab of the ribbon. Once the lighting fixture is selected, select Place on Face in the Placement section of the Modify | Place Component tab of the ribbon to freely place the lights on the ceiling (Figure 39).
    File:Lab 4 Figure 37.PNG
    Figure 39: Place on Face Tool
  2. Go back to the Level 1 floor plan in the Project Browser. Notice that the light fixtures on the ceiling cannot be seen in the floor plan. They must be made visible to create the electrical wiring.
  3. In the Properties panel, go to the Underlay subtab and change the Range: Base Level to Level 1 and Underlay Orientation to Look up (Figure 40). This will allow the ability to “look up” at the ceiling and see the lighting fixtures on the ceiling in the floor plan.
    Figure 40: Underlay Subtab
  4. Connect the lights and switches with electrical wiring. Navigate to the Systems tab in the toolbar and select the Wire tool (Figure 41).
    Figure 41: Wire Tool
  5. Connect the lights to the switches. Make sure the lights and switches are properly connected to the wire by hovering over the fixture and seeing a pink circle with an X (Figure 42).
    Figure 42: Proper Wire Connection
  6. In the Quick Access Toolbar, select Default 3D View (small house icon) to view the project in 3D (Figure 43).
    File:Lab 4 Figure 41.PNG
    Figure 43: Default 3D View Tool
  7. Save the file as an Autodesk Revit File (RVT) file. Take screenshots of the project and submit the RVT file on the EG1003 website by 11:59 PM the night before the next lab.
  8. To receive extra credit, make a 3D rendering and walkthrough video of your apartment design. Use Google, online Revit forums, and the Revit How-To to complete this. To receive the extra credit, the rendering and walkthrough video must be completed before the end of lab and also must be included in the team presentation.


A GCODE file must be submitted to the EG1003 website by 11:59 PM the night before your next lab. There is no individual lab report or team presentation for this part of Lab 1.